THE COMPLETE WORKS OF MARK TWAIN! This set is in BRAND NEW & UNREAD condition, with the ORIGINAL THIN PAPER DUST JACKETS. This set comes with the original dust jackets, that are never seen.This set retains ALL of the fragile original dust jackets from 1909. Some have wear, as is shown in the pictures. This set is impossible to find so well preserved. It is recommended to leave the dust jackets off. The dust jackets are more as testament to the condition of the books than as display or protection.
A gorgeous set, in extraordinary condition. Exceedingly fresh, supple and well preserved. Both the bindings and the paper are exceedingly fresh, supple and clean. In MINT+ and VERY GOOD+ condition. This set would make an excellent gift.
This is the Author's National Edition. Being the Authorized Version of Twain's Works.
This set was printed in 1909. This set is well over 100 years old! There is no date on the title pages, as is standard. Harper and Brothers Publishers, New York. Some copyrights from 1899, but set is known to have been printed in 1909.
Printed on quality paper that is still fresh bright and clean. Set is free of foxing. No previous owner's names. Bound in ornately embossed bindings. These are the original cloth bindings.
These measure roughly 7.5 inches tall. A gorgeous antiquarian set of Twain's works. In the best condition obtainable.CONDITION: The Condition is beyond exceptional. Set cant really be in any better condition without being brand new. A gorgeous, complete, and highly giftable set. The original paper dust jackets have wear, chipping, some writing, as is shown in the pictures. The thin paper dust jackets have wear, as is shown in the pictures.
This is a gorgeous set in FINE condition. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Mark Twain (disambiguation).
Samuel Langhorne Clemens November 30, 1835 Florida, Missouri. April 21, 1910 (aged 74) Redding, Connecticut. Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, New York. Mark Twain, Josh, Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass.Writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, lecturer. Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 April 21, 1910). Known by his pen name. Mark Twain , was an American writer, humorist. He was lauded as the "greatest humorist this country has produced".
Called him the father of American literature. His novels include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. (1876) and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The latter often called The Great American Novel.Twain was raised in Hannibal, Missouri. Which later provided the setting for Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. He served an apprenticeship with a printer and then worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to the newspaper of his older brother Orion Clemens. He later became a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River. Before heading west to join Orion in Nevada.
He referred humorously to his lack of success at mining, turning to journalism for the Virginia City. His humorous story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County. , was published in 1865, based on a story that he heard at Angels Hotel. Where he had spent some time as a miner. The short story brought international attention and was even translated into French.His wit and satire, in prose and in speech, earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty. A mechanical typesetter that failed because of its complexity and imprecision. In the wake of these financial setbacks, but he eventually overcame his financial troubles with the help of Henry Huttleston Rogers. He eventually paid all his creditors in full, even though his bankruptcy relieved him of having to do so. Twain was born shortly after an appearance of Halley's Comet. Love of science and technology. Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born on November 30, 1835, in Florida, Missouri. The sixth of seven children born to Jane (née Lampton; 18031890), a native of Kentucky.
(17981847), a native of Virginia. His parents met when his father moved to Missouri. And they were married in 1823.Only three of his siblings survived childhood: Orion. (18251897), Henry (18381858), and Pamela (18271904). His sister Margaret (18301839) died when Twain was three, and his brother Benjamin (18321842) died three years later. His brother Pleasant Hannibal (1828) died at three weeks of age.
When he was four, Twain's family moved to Hannibal, Missouri. A port town on the Mississippi River. That inspired the fictional town of St. Petersburg in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Was legal in Missouri at the time, and it became a theme in these writings. His father was an attorney and judge, who died of pneumonia. In 1847, when Twain was 11. The next year, Twain left school after the fifth grade to become a printer's apprentice. In 1851 he began working as a typesetter.Contributing articles and humorous sketches to the Hannibal Journal. A newspaper that Orion owned. When he was 18, he left Hannibal and worked as a printer in New York City. Joining the newly formed International Typographical Union.
In the evenings, finding wider information than at a conventional school. Twain describes his boyhood in Life on the Mississippi. Stating that "there was but one permanent ambition" among his comrades: to be a steamboatman. As Twain describes it, the pilot's prestige exceeded that of the captain.Took Twain on as a cub pilot to teach him the river between New Orleans. Twain studied the Mississippi, learning its landmarks, how to navigate its currents effectively, and how to read the river and its constantly shifting channels, reefs, submerged snags, and rocks that would "tear the life out of the strongest vessel that ever floated".
It was more than two years before he received his pilot's license. Piloting also gave him his pen name from mark twain. , the leadsman's cry for a measured river depth of two fathoms (12 feet), which was safe water for a steamboat.
As a young pilot, Clemens served on the steamer A. Who became famous for his exploits as a steamboat captain on the Missouri River. The two liked each other, and admired one another, and maintained a correspondence for many years after Clemens left the river. While training, Samuel convinced his younger brother Henry to work with him, and even arranged a post of mud clerk. For him on the steamboat Pennsylvania.
On June 13, 1858, the steamboat's boiler exploded; Henry succumbed to his wounds on June 21. Twain claimed to have foreseen this death in a dream a month earlier. Which inspired his interest in parapsychology.He was an early member of the Society for Psychical Research. Twain was guilt-stricken and held himself responsible for the rest of his life. He continued to work on the river and was a river pilot until the Civil War. Broke out in 1861, when traffic was curtailed. At the start of hostilities, he enlisted briefly in a local Confederate. He later wrote the sketch The Private History of a Campaign That Failed. , describing how he and his friends had been Confederate volunteers for two weeks before disbanding. He then left for Nevada to work for his brother Orion, who was Secretary of the Nevada Territory. Twain describes the episode in his book Roughing It. Orion became secretary to Nevada Territory. In 1861, and Twain joined him when he moved west.
The brothers traveled more than two weeks on a stagecoach. Twain's journey ended in the silver-mining town of Virginia City, Nevada. Where he became a miner.
He failed as a miner and went to work at the Virginia City newspaper Territorial Enterprise. Working under a friend, the writer Dan DeQuille. He first used his pen name here on February 3, 1863, when he wrote a humorous travel account entitled Letter From Carson re: Joe Goodman; party at Gov. Johnson's; music" and signed it "Mark Twain.His experiences in the American West. Inspired Roughing It , written during 187071 and published in 1872. His experiences in Angels Camp (in Calaveras County, California) provided material for "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" (1865). Twain moved to San Francisco. In 1864, still as a journalist, and met writers such as Bret Harte. He may have been romantically involved with the poet Ina Coolbrith. His first success as a writer came when his humorous tall tale. "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" was published on November 18, 1865, in the New York weekly The Saturday Press. A year later, he traveled to the Sandwich Islands. His letters to the Union were popular and became the basis for his first lectures. In 1867, a local newspaper funded his trip to the Mediterranean. Aboard the Quaker City , including a tour of Europe. He wrote a collection of travel letters which were later compiled as The Innocents Abroad. It was on this trip that he met fellow passenger Charles Langdon, who showed him a picture of his sister Olivia. Twain later claimed to have fallen in love at first sight. Upon returning to the United States, Twain was offered honorary membership in Yale University.
S secret society Scroll and Key. Its devotion to "fellowship, moral and literary self-improvement, and charity" suited him well.
She rejected his first marriage proposal, but they were married in Elmira, New York. Where he courted her and managed to overcome her father's initial reluctance. She came from a "wealthy but liberal family"; through her, he met abolitionists. Socialists, principled atheists and activists for women's rights.His next-door neighbor in Hartford, Connecticut. And writer and utopian socialist. Who became a long-time friend. The couple lived in Buffalo, New York.
He owned a stake in the Buffalo Express. Newspaper and worked as an editor and writer. While they were living in Buffalo, their son Langdon died of diphtheria. At the age of 19 months.
They had three daughters: Susy. Twain moved his family to Hartford, Connecticut, where he arranged the building of a home. In the 1870s and 1880s, the family summered at Quarry Farm. In Elmira, the home of Olivia's sister, Susan Crane.
Susan had a study built apart from the main house so that Twain would have a quiet place in which to write. Also, he smoked cigars constantly, and Susan did not want him to do so in her house. Twain wrote many of his classic novels during his 17 years in Hartford (18741891) and over 20 summers at Quarry Farm. They include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876), The Prince and the Pauper.(1881), Life on the Mississippi (1883), Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889). The couple's marriage lasted 34 years until Olivia's death in 1904.
All of the Clemens family are buried in Elmira's Woodlawn Cemetery. Twain in the laboratory of Nikola Tesla. Twain was fascinated with science and scientific inquiry.
He developed a close and lasting friendship with Nikola Tesla. And the two spent much time together in Tesla's laboratory. Twain patented three inventions, including an "Improvement in Adjustable and Detachable Straps for Garments" to replace suspenders. And a history trivia game.Most commercially successful was a self-pasting scrapbook; a dried adhesive on the pages needed only to be moistened before use. Twain was an early proponent of fingerprinting. As a forensic technique, featuring it in a tall tale. In Life on the Mississippi.
(1883) and as a central plot element in the novel Pudd'nhead Wilson. Twain's novel A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court.(1889) features a time traveler. Using his knowledge of science to introduce modern technology to Arthurian. This type of historical manipulation became a trope of speculative fiction as alternate histories. Visited Twain at his home in Redding, Connecticut. Part of the footage was used in The Prince and the Pauper (1909), a two-reel short film. It is the only known existing film footage of Twain. He invested mostly in new inventions and technology, particularly the Paige typesetting machine. It was a beautifully engineered mechanical marvel that amazed viewers when it worked, but it was prone to breakdowns. On it between 1880 and 1894. But before it could be perfected it was rendered obsolete by the Linotype.
He lost the bulk of his book profits, as well as a substantial portion of his wife's inheritance. Twain and his family closed down their expensive Hartford home in response to the dwindling income and moved to Europe in June 1891.
Of The New York Sun. And the McClure Newspaper Syndicate. Offered him the publication of a series of six European letters.Twain, Olivia, and their daughter Susy were all faced with health problems, and they believed that it would be of benefit to visit European baths. The family stayed mainly in France, Germany, and Italy until May 1895, with longer spells at Berlin. (fall and winter 1892/93), and Paris (winters and springs 1893/94 and 1894/95). Which he had to keep until March 1894; meanwhile, he became "the Belle of New York, " in the words of biographer Albert Bigelow Paine. Twain's writings and lectures enabled him to recover financially, combined with the help of his friend, Henry Huttleston Rogers. He began a friendship with the financier in 1893, a principal of Standard Oil. That lasted the remainder of his life. Rogers first made him file for bankruptcy in April 1894, then had him transfer the copyrights on his written works to his wife to prevent creditors from gaining possession of them.
Twain accepted an offer from Robert Sparrow Smythe. And embarked on a year-long, around the world lecture tour in July 1895.To pay off his creditors in full, although he was no longer under any legal obligation to do so. It was a long, arduous journey and he was sick much of the time, mostly from a cold and a carbuncle. The first part of the itinerary took him across northern America to British Columbia. Canada, until the second half of August. For the second part, he sailed across the Pacific Ocean. His scheduled lecture in Honolulu.
Twain went on to Fiji. Australia, New Zealand, Sri Lanka. His three months in India became the centerpiece of his 712-page book Following the Equator. In the second half of July 1896, he sailed back to England, completing his circumnavigation of the world begun 14 months before.
Twain and his family spent four more years in Europe, mainly in England and Austria. (October 1897 to May 1899), with longer spells in London and Vienna. Clara had wished to study the piano under Theodor Leschetizky. However, Jean's health did not benefit from consulting with specialists in Vienna, the "City of Doctors". The family moved to London in spring 1899, following a lead by Poultney Bigelow.Who had a good experience being treated by Dr. Jonas Henrik Kellgren, a Swedish osteopathic. They were persuaded to spend the summer at Kellgren's sanatorium. By the lake in the Swedish. Coming back in fall, they continued the treatment in London, until Twain was convinced by lengthy inquiries in America that similar osteopathic expertise was available there. In mid-1900, he was the guest of newspaper proprietor Hugh Gilzean-Reid. Located on the north side of London. Twain wrote that he had never seen any place that was so satisfactorily situated, with its noble trees and stretch of country, and everything that went to make life delightful, and all within a biscuit's throw of the metropolis of the world. In winter 1900/01, he became his country's most prominent opponent of imperialism.
Raising the issue in his speeches, interviews, and writings. In January 1901, he began serving as vice-president of the Anti-Imperialist League.Plaque on Sydney Writers Walk commemorating the visit of Twain in 1895. Twain was in great demand as a featured speaker, performing solo humorous talks similar to modern stand-up comedy. He gave paid talks to many men's clubs, including the Authors' Club.
And Monday Evening Club of Hartford. In the late 1890s, he spoke to the Savage Club. In London and was elected an honorary member. He was told that only three men had been so honored, including the Prince of Wales.
And he replied: Well, it must make the Prince feel mighty fine. In 1895 as part of a world lecture tour.
In 1897, he spoke to the Concordia Press Club in Vienna as a special guest, following the diplomat Charlemagne Tower, Jr. He delivered the speech Die Schrecken der Deutschen Sprache. " ("The Horrors of the German Language)in Germanto the great amusement of the audience.In 1901, he was invited to speak at Princeton University. Where he was made an honorary member. In 1881, Twain was honored at a banquet in Montreal. In 1883, he paid a brief visit to Ottawa. Twice in 1884 and 1885 on a reading tour with George Washington Cable.
Known as the "Twins of Genius" tour. The reason for the Toronto visits was to secure Canadian and British copyrights for his upcoming book Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. To which he had alluded in his Montreal visit. The reason for the Ottawa visit had been to secure Canadian and British copyrights for Life on the Mississippi. He estimated that Belford Brothers.He had unsuccessfully attempted to secure the rights for The Prince and the Pauper in 1881, in conjunction with his Montreal trip. The report is greatly exaggerated.
Twain's reaction to a report of his death. Twain lived in his later years at 14 West 10th Street in Manhattan.He passed through a period of deep depression which began in 1896 when his daughter Susy died of meningitis. Olivia's death in 1904 and Jean's on December 24, 1909, deepened his gloom. On May 20, 1909, his close friend Henry Rogers died suddenly. In 1906, Twain began his autobiography in the North American Review. In April, he heard that his friend Ina Coolbrith had lost nearly all that she owned in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.
To further aid Coolbrith, George Wharton James. Visited Twain in New York and arranged for a new portrait session. He was resistant initially, but he eventually admitted that four of the resulting images were the finest ones ever taken of him.Twain photographed in 1908 via the Autochrome Lumiere. Twain formed a club in 1906 for girls whom he viewed as surrogate granddaughters called the Angel Fish and Aquarium Club. The dozen or so members ranged in age from 10 to 16. He exchanged letters with his "Angel Fish" girls and invited them to concerts and the theatre and to play games.
Twain wrote in 1908 that the club was his "life's chief delight". In 1907, he met Dorothy Quick (aged 11) on a transatlantic crossing, beginning "a friendship that was to last until the very day of his death". Awarded Twain an honorary doctorate in letters. Twain was born two weeks after Halley's Comet. S closest approach in 1835; he said in 1909.
Twain's prediction was accurate; he died of a heart attack on April 21, 1910, in Redding, Connecticut. One day after the comet's closest approach to Earth. Twain's headstone in Woodlawn Cemetery. Upon hearing of Twain's death, President William Howard Taft. Twain's funeral was at the Brick Presbyterian Church.On Fifth Avenue, New York. He is buried in his wife's family plot at Woodlawn Cemetery. The Langdon family plot is marked by a 12-foot monument (two fathoms, or "mark twain") placed there by his surviving daughter Clara.
There is also a smaller headstone. He expressed a preference for cremation (for example, in Life on the Mississippi), but he acknowledged that his surviving family would have the last word. This section possibly contains original research. The claims made and adding inline citations.Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. Learn how and when to remove this template message. Twain in his gown (scarlet with grey sleeves and facings) for his D. Degree, awarded to him by Oxford University. Twain began his career writing light, humorous verse, but he became a chronicler of the vanities, hypocrisies, and murderous acts of mankind. At mid-career, he combined rich humor, sturdy narrative, and social criticism in Huckleberry Finn.
He was a master of rendering colloquial speech. And helped to create and popularize a distinctive American literature built on American themes and language. Many of his works have been suppressed at times for various reasons. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has been repeatedly restricted in American high schools, not least for its frequent use of the word nigger.Which was in common usage in the pre-Civil War period in which the novel was set. A complete bibliography of Twain's works is nearly impossible to compile because of the vast number of pieces he wrote (often in obscure newspapers) and his use of several different pen names. Additionally, a large portion of his speeches and lectures have been lost or were not recorded; thus, the compilation of Twain's works is an ongoing process. Researchers rediscovered published material as recently as 1995 and 2015. Twain was writing for the Virginia City newspaper the Territorial Enterprise.
In 1863 when he met lawyer Tom Fitch. Editor of the competing newspaper Virginia Daily Union and known as the "silver-tongued orator of the Pacific". He credited Fitch with giving him his "first really profitable lesson" in writing. "When I first began to lecture, and in my earlier writings, " Twain later commented, my sole idea was to make comic capital out of everything I saw and heard. In 1866, he presented his lecture on the Sandwich Islands to a crowd in Washoe City, Nevada.
Cabin where Twain wrote "Jumping Frog of Calaveras County", Jackass Hill, Tuolumne County. It was in these days that Twain became a writer of the Sagebrush School.He was known later as its most famous member. His first important work was "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, " published in the New York Saturday Press. After a burst of popularity, the Sacramento Union. Commissioned him to write letters about his travel experiences.
The first journey that he took for this job was to ride the steamer Ajax on its maiden voyage to the Sandwich Islands. All the while, he was writing letters to the newspaper that were meant for publishing, chronicling his experiences with humor. These letters proved to be the genesis to his work with the San Francisco Alta California. Newspaper, which designated him a traveling correspondent for a trip from San Francisco to New York City via the Panama isthmus. On June 8, 1867, he set sail on the pleasure cruiser Quaker City for five months, and this trip resulted in The Innocents Abroad or The New Pilgrims' Progress.In 1872, he published his second piece of travel literature, Roughing It , as an account of his journey from Missouri to Nevada, his subsequent life in the American West. The book lampoons American and Western society in the same way that Innocents critiqued the various countries of Europe and the Middle East. His next work was The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. His first attempt at writing a novel. The book, written with his neighbor Charles Dudley Warner. Is also his only collaboration.
Twain's next work drew on his experiences on the Mississippi River. Old Times on the Mississippi. Was a series of sketches published in the Atlantic Monthly.
In 1875 featuring his disillusionment with Romanticism. Old Times eventually became the starting point for Life on the Mississippi. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article.
By adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Twain's next major publication was The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Which draws on his youth in Hannibal. Was modeled on Twain as a child, with traces of schoolmates John Briggs and Will Bowen. The book also introduces Huckleberry Finn in a supporting role, based on Twain's boyhood friend Tom Blankenship. The Prince and the Pauper. Was not as well received, despite a storyline. That is common in film and literature today. The book tells the story of two boys born on the same day who are physically identical, acting as a social commentary as the prince and pauper switch places.
Twain had started Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (which he consistently had problems completing). And had completed his travel book A Tramp Abroad. Which describes his travels through central and southern Europe. Twain's next major published work was the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , which confirmed him as a noteworthy American writer.Some have called it the first Great American Novel, and the book has become required reading in many schools throughout the United States. Huckleberry Finn was an offshoot from Tom Sawyer and had a more serious tone than its predecessor. Four hundred manuscript pages were written in mid-1876, right after the publication of Tom Sawyer. The last fifth of Huckleberry Finn is subject to much controversy.
Some say that Twain experienced a "failure of nerve, " as critic Leo Marx. Once said of Huckleberry Finn.Hemingway also wrote in the same essay. Near the completion of Huckleberry Finn , Twain wrote Life on the Mississippi , which is said to have heavily influenced the novel. The travel work recounts Twain's memories and new experiences after a 22-year absence from the Mississippi River. In it, he also explains that "Mark Twain" was the call made when the boat was in safe water, indicating a depth of two fathoms.
(12 feet or 3.7 metres). Twain produced President Ulysses S. Through his fledgling publishing house, Charles L.
Which he co-owned with Charles L. Webster, his nephew by marriage. At this time he also wrote "The Private History of a Campaign That Failed" for The Century Magazine.This piece detailed his two-week stint in a Confederate militia. He next focused on A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court , written with the same historical fiction style as The Prince and the Pauper.
A Connecticut Yankee showed the absurdities of political and social norms by setting them in the court of King Arthur. The book was started in December 1885, then shelved a few months later until the summer of 1887, and eventually finished in the spring of 1889. His next large-scale work was Pudd'nhead Wilson.
Which he wrote rapidly, as he was desperately trying to stave off bankruptcy. From November 12 to December 14, 1893, Twain wrote 60,000 words for the novel. Have pointed to this rushed completion as the cause of the novel's rough organization and constant disruption of the plot. This novel also contains the tale of two boys born on the same day who switch positions in life, like The Prince and the Pauper.
It was first published serially in Century Magazine. And, when it was finally published in book form, Pudd'nhead Wilson appeared as the main title; however, the "subtitles" make the entire title read: The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson and the Comedy of The Extraordinary Twins.Twain's next venture was a work of straight fiction that he called Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc. And dedicated to his wife. That this was the work that he was most proud of, despite the criticism that he received for it. The book had been a dream of his since childhood, and he claimed that he had found a manuscript detailing the life of Joan of Arc. When he was an adolescent. This was another piece that he was convinced would save his publishing company.
His financial adviser Henry Huttleston Rogers quashed that idea and got Twain out of that business altogether, but the book was published nonetheless. He filed for bankruptcy in 1894. During this time of dire financial straits, he published several literary reviews in newspapers to help make ends meet. He famously derided James Fenimore Cooper. In his article detailing Cooper's Literary Offenses.
He became an extremely outspoken critic of other authors and other critics; he suggested that, before praising Cooper's work, Thomas Lounsbury. "Ought to have read some of it". Also fell under Twain's attack during this time period, beginning around 1890 and continuing until his death. He outlines what he considers to be "quality writing" in several letters and essays, in addition to providing a source for the "tooth and claw" style of literary criticism.
He places emphasis on concision, utility of word choice, and realism; he complains, for example, that Cooper's Deerslayer. Purports to be realistic but has several shortcomings. Ironically, several of his own works were later criticized for lack of continuity (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn) and organization (Pudd'nhead Wilson). Twain's wife died in 1904 while the couple were staying at the Villa di Quarto.
After some time had passed he published some works that his wife, his de facto editor and censor throughout her married life, had looked down upon. Is perhaps the best known, depicting various visits of Satan.
This particular work was not published in Twain's lifetime. His manuscripts included three versions, written between 1897 and 1905: the so-called Hannibal, Eseldorf, and Print Shop versions. The resulting confusion led to extensive publication of a jumbled version, and only recently have the original versions become available as Twain wrote them.Twain's last work was his autobiography. Which he dictated and thought would be most entertaining if he went off on whims and tangents in non-chronological order. Some archivists and compilers have rearranged the biography into a more conventional form, thereby eliminating some of Twain's humor and the flow of the book. The first volume of the autobiography, over 736 pages, was published by the University of California in November 2010, 100 years after his death, as Twain wished. Twain's works have been subjected to censorship efforts.
According to Stuart (2013), "Leading these banning campaigns, generally, were religious organizations or individuals in positions of influence not so much working librarians, who had been instilled with that American "library spirit" which honored intellectual freedom (within bounds of course)". In 1905, the Brooklyn Public Library.Banned both The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer from the children's department because of their language. Twain's views became more radical as he grew older. In a letter to friend and fellow writer William Dean Howells. In 1887 he acknowledged that his views had changed and developed over his lifetime, referring to one of his favorite works.
Before 1899, Twain was an ardent imperialist. In the late 1860s and early 1870s, he spoke out strongly in favor of American interests in the Hawaiian Islands.He said the war with Spain in 1898 was "the worthiest" war ever fought. In 1899, however, he reversed course.
In the New York Herald. October 16, 1900, Twain describes his transformation and political awakening, in the context of the PhilippineAmerican War. Twain said that the Boxer is a patriot. He loves his country better than he does the countries of other people.
From 1901, soon after his return from Europe, until his death in 1910, Twain was vice-president of the American Anti-Imperialist League. Which opposed the annexation of the Philippines. By the United States and had "tens of thousands of members". He wrote many political pamphlets. The Incident in the Philippines , posthumously published in 1924, was in response to the Moro Crater Massacre.In which six hundred Moros. Many of his neglected and previously uncollected writings on anti-imperialism appeared for the first time in book form in 1992. Twain was critical of imperialism in other countries as well. In Following the Equator , Twain expresses "hatred and condemnation of imperialism of all stripes". He was highly critical of European imperialists. Who greatly expanded the British Empire. Is a stinging political satire. About his private colony, the Congo Free State. Reports of outrageous exploitation and grotesque abuses led to widespread international protest in the early 1900s, arguably the first large-scale human rights movement.
In the soliloquy, the King argues that bringing Christianity to the country. Leopold's rubber gatherers were tortured, maimed and slaughtered until the movement forced Brussels.Twain wrote a short pacifist. Story titled The War Prayer. Which makes the point that humanism and Christianity's preaching of love are incompatible with the conduct of war. It was submitted to Harper's Bazaar.
For publication, but on March 22, 1905, the magazine rejected the story as not quite suited to a woman's magazine. Eight days later, Twain wrote to his friend Daniel Carter Beard. To whom he had read the story, I don't think the prayer will be published in my time.None but the dead are permitted to tell the truth. Because he had an exclusive contract with Harper & Brothers. Twain could not publish The War Prayer elsewhere; it remained unpublished until 1923. It was republished as campaigning material by Vietnam War protesters. Twain acknowledged that he had originally sympathized with the more moderate Girondins. And then shifted his sympathies to the more radical Sansculottes. Indeed identifying himself as a Marat.
And writing that the Reign of Terror. Paled in comparison to the older terrors that preceded it.
Twain supported the revolutionaries in Russia. Against the reformists, arguing that the Tsar. Must be got rid of by violent means, because peaceful ones would not work.He summed up his views of revolutions in the following statement. Twain was an adamant supporter of the abolition of slavery. Of slaves, even going so far as to say, Lincoln. Not only set the black slaves free, but set the white man free also. He argued that non-whites did not receive justice in the United States, once saying, I have seen Chinamen abused and maltreated in all the mean, cowardly ways possible to the invention of a degraded nature... But I never saw a Chinaman righted in a court of justice for wrongs thus done to him. He paid for at least one black person to attend Yale Law School. And for another black person to attend a southern university to become a minister. Twain's sympathetic views on race.
Were not reflected in his early writings on American Indians. Of them, Twain wrote in 1870. As counterpoint, Twain's essay on "The Literary Offenses of Fenimore Cooper" offers a much kinder view of Indians. No, other Indians would have noticed these things, but Cooper's Indians never notice anything.
Cooper thinks they are marvelous creatures for noticing, but he was almost always in error about his Indians. There was seldom a sane one among them. In his later travelogue Following the Equator (1897), Twain observes that in colonized lands all over the world, "savages" have always been wronged by whites." in the most merciless ways, such as "robbery, humiliation, and slow, slow murder, through poverty and the white man's whiskey"; his conclusion is that "there are many humorous things in this world; among them the white man's notion that he is less savage than the other savages. The most extraordinary country that the sun visits on his rounds. Where every prospect pleases, and only man is vile. Twain was also a staunch supporter of women's rights. And an active campaigner for women's suffrage. Speech, in which he pressed for the granting of voting rights to women, is considered one of the most famous in history. Benefited from Twain's support as she pursued her college education and publishing despite her disabilities and financial limitations. The two were friends for roughly 16 years. Twain wrote glowingly about unions. In the river boating industry in Life on the Mississippi , which was read in union halls decades later. He supported the labor movement. Especially one of the most important unions, the Knights of Labor.
In a speech to them, he said. See also: TwainAment indemnities controversy.
He was critical of organized religion. And certain elements of Christianity through his later life.He wrote, for example, "Faith is believing what you know ain't so", and "If Christ were here now there is one thing he would not be a Christian". Sentiment rampant in 19th century America, Twain noted he was "educated to enmity toward everything that is Catholic". As an adult, he engaged in religious discussions and attended services, his theology developing as he wrestled with the deaths of loved ones and with his own mortality. Twain generally avoided publishing his most controversial. Opinions on religion in his lifetime, and they are known from essays and stories that were published later. In the essay Three Statements of the Eighties in the 1880s, Twain stated that he believed in an almighty God, but not in any messages, revelations. Such as the Bible, Providence.
Or retribution in the afterlife. He did state that "the goodness, the justice, and the mercy of God are manifested in His works", but also that the universe is governed by strict and immutable laws.", which determine "small matters, such as who dies in a pestilence. At other times, he wrote or spoke in ways that contradicted a strict deist view, for example, plainly professing a belief in Providence. In some later writings in the 1890s, he was less optimistic about the goodness of God. Observing that "if our Maker is all-powerful for good or evil, He is not in His right mind". At other times, he conjectured sardonically that perhaps God had created the world with all its tortures for some purpose of His own, but was otherwise indifferent to humanity, which was too petty and insignificant to deserve His attention anyway.
In 1901, Twain criticized the actions of the missionary. (18511909) because Ament and other missionaries had collected indemnities from Chinese subjects in the aftermath of the Boxer Uprising. Twain's response to hearing of Ament's methods was published in the North American Review in February 1901: To the Person Sitting in Darkness.
And deals with examples of imperialism. In China, South Africa, and with the U. A subsequent article, "To My Missionary Critics" published in The North American Review in April 1901, unapologetically continues his attack, but with the focus shifted from Ament to his missionary superiors, the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. After his death, Twain's family suppressed some of his work that was especially irreverent toward conventional religion, including Letters from the Earth.Which was not published until his daughter Clara. Reversed her position in 1962 in response to Soviet propaganda. The anti-religious The Mysterious Stranger was published in 1916. Little Bessie , a story ridiculing Christianity, was first published in the 1972 collection Mark Twain's Fables of Man. Twain created a reverent portrayal of Joan of Arc. A subject over which he had obsessed for forty years, studied for a dozen years and spent two years writing about. In 1900 and again in 1908 he stated, "I like Joan of Arc best of all my books, it is the best". Those who knew Twain well late in life recount that he dwelt on the subject of the afterlife, his daughter Clara saying: Sometimes he believed death ended everything, but most of the time he felt sure of a life beyond. Twain's frankest views on religion appeared in his final work Autobiography of Mark Twain.
The publication of which started in November 2010, 100 years after his death. He belonged to Polar Star Lodge No. He was initiated an Entered Apprentice. On May 22, 1861, passed to the degree of Fellow Craft.
On June 12, and raised to the degree of Master Mason. Twain visited Salt Lake City.
For two days and met there members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. They also gave him a Book of Mormon. He later wrote in Roughing It. Twain was opposed to the vivisection. His objection was not on a scientific basis but rather an ethical.
He specifically cited the pain caused to the animal as his basis of his opposition. Twain used different pen names before deciding on "Mark Twain".He signed humorous and imaginative sketches as "Josh" until 1863. Additionally, he used the pen name "Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass" for a series of humorous letters. He maintained that his primary pen name came from his years working on Mississippi riverboats, where two fathoms, a depth indicating water safe for the passage of boat, was a measure on the sounding line. Term for "two", as in The veil of the temple was rent in twain. The riverboatman's cry was "mark twain" or, more fully, "by the mark twain", meaning "according to the mark [on the line], [the depth is] two [fathoms]", that is, The water is 12 feet (3.7 m) deep and it is safe to pass. Twain said that his famous pen name was not entirely his invention. In Life on the Mississippi , he wrote. Twain's story about his pen name has been questioned by some.
With the suggestion that "mark twain" refers to a running bar tab that Twain would regularly incur while drinking at John Piper's saloon in Virginia City, Nevada. Samuel Clemens himself responded to this suggestion by saying, Mark Twain was the nom de plume of one Captain Isaiah Sellers, who used to write river news over it for the New Orleans Picayune. He died in 1869 and as he could no longer need that signature, I laid violent hands upon it without asking permission of the proprietor's remains.That is the history of the nom de plume I bear. In his autobiography, Twain writes further of Captain Sellers' use of "Mark Twain". Main article: Mark Twain in popular culture. Library of Twain House, with hand-stenciled paneling, fireplaces from India, embossed wallpaper, and hand-carved mantel from Scotland.
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While Twain is often depicted wearing a white suit, modern representations suggesting that he wore them throughout his life are unfounded. Evidence suggests that Twain began wearing white suits on the lecture circuit, after the death of his wife Olivia ("Livy"). However, there is also evidence showing him wearing a white suit before 1904. In 1882, he sent a photograph of himself in a white suit to 18-year-old Edward W.
Later publisher of the Ladies Home Journal , with a handwritten dated note. McMasters' The Mark Twain Encyclopedia states that Twain did not wear a white suit in his last three years, except at one banquet speech.In his autobiography, Twain writes of his early experiments with wearing white out-of-season. Next after fine colors, I like plain white. One of my sorrows, when the summer ends, is that I must put off my cheery and comfortable white clothes and enter for the winter into the depressing captivity of the shapeless and degrading black ones. Well known by his pen name. Was an American author and humorist.
Twain is noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. (1884), which has been called the Great American Novel.
And The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. He also wrote poetry, short stories, essays, and non-fiction.The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. "Schoolhouse Hill" (6 chapters) in The Mysterious Stranger. "Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer among the Indians" c. "Tom Sawyers Conspiracy" (10 chapters, unfinished). "Tom Sawyers Gang Plans a Naval Battle" (unfinished). Extracts from Adam's Diary.
The Private Life of Adam and Eve: Being Extracts from Their Diaries, Translated from the Original Mss. Posthumous issue of the 1904 and 1906 works bound as one, as Twain had requested in a recently discovered letter. The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County. "General Washington's Negro Body-Servant" (1868). "My Late Senatorial Secretaryship" (1868).
"A True Story, Repeated Word for Word As I Heard It" (1874). "Some Learned Fables for Good Old Boys and Girls" (1875). "The Story Of The Bad Little Boy" (1875). "The Story Of The Good Little Boy" (1875).A Murder, a Mystery, and a Marriage. "The Canvasser's Tale" (1876). "The Invalid's Story" (1877). "The Great Revolution in Pitcairn" (1879). 1601: Conversation, as it was by the Social Fireside, in the Time of the Tudors. "The Esquimau Maiden's Romance" (1893). The Million Pound Bank Note. The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg. A Double Barrelled Detective Story. Captain Stormfield's Visit to Heaven. "The Purloining of Prince Oleomargarine". The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County and Other Sketches (1867), short story collection. Mark Twain's (Burlesque) Autobiography and First Romance.
A True Story and the Recent Carnival of Crime (1877), short story collection. And Other Sketches (1878), short story collection. Mark Twain's Library of Humor. The Curious Republic of Gondour and Other Whimsical Sketches (1919, posthumous), short story collection. The Washoe Giant in San Francisco (1938, posthumous), short story collection.
How to Tell a Story and other Essays. Europe and Elsewhere (1923, posthumous), edited by Albert Bigelow Paine.A Pen Warmed Up In Hell (1972, posthumous). The Bible According to Mark Twain (1996, posthumous). On the Decay of the Art of Lying. Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offenses.
"English As She Is Taught" (1887). "A Salutation Speech From the Nineteenth Century to the Twentieth" (1900). To the Person Sitting in Darkness."To My Missionary Critics" (1901). Edmund Burke on Croker and Tammany. "Queen Victoria's Jubilee" (1910). The United States of Lyncherdom. (sometimes titled "More Tramps Abroad") (1897), travel. Moments with Mark Twain (1920, posthumous). Mark Twain's Notebook (1935, posthumous). (letters written in 1866, published as a book in 1947).
The Battle Hymn of the Republic, Updated. "Little Bessie Would Assist Providence" (1908), poem. Slovenly Peter (1935, posthumous), children's book. Some Thoughts on the Science of Onanism. (1879), a speech given to The Stomach Club.Chapters from My Autobiography published by North American Review. Posthumous edition compiled and edited by Albert Bigelow Paine. Posthumous edition named Mark Twain in Eruption compiled and edited by Bernard DeVoto. Posthumous edition compiled and edited by Charles Neider. Posthumous edition compiled and edited by Harriet Elinor Smith and the Mark Twain Project: Volume 1 (2010). Posthumous edition compiled and edited by Robert Hirst and the Mark Twain Project: Volume 2 (2013). Posthumous edition compiled and edited by Harriet Elinor Smith and the Mark Twain Project: Volume 3 (2015). Mark Twain's Letters, 18531880 (2010, posthumous).
Being compiled for release in 2017. The item "COMPLETE WORKS of MARK TWAIN!)RAREwithDUST JACKETS" is in sale since Monday, August 5, 2019. This item is in the category "Books\Antiquarian & Collectible".books" and is located in Moab, Utah.
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