Here, late at night in a Tyrolean (note typical for this region architecture of the peasant houses) village, we witness an improvised parade: a column of the French Republican (uniforms corresponding to the regulation of the late 1790s) infantry is marching through the village before a group of commanders headed by a general on a white stallion. One could well imagine that he is Napoleon Bonaparte, chief-commander of (then in combat in Italy) the French Army himself, had it not been for one nuance: it is known that Napoleon paid a visit to Tyrol only once. Namely, on September 5th 1796 he came to Trient (South Tyrol) but left this region already in a few days (see our web); he never visited Tyrol in winter. And so, we are able to identify the general on the white stallion: he is Division General (promoted to this rank in December 1796) Barthélemy Catherine Joubert, commander of the French troops that invaded the territory of the (neighboring with North Italy) South Tyrol in the late January - early February 1797 (for biography of Joubert, see our web). It happened after the Battle of Rivoli (14-15 January 1797).It was in this North Italian village that the French defeated the Austrians and, in pursuit of the retreating enemy, on January 30th (alike on September 5th 1796) re-entered South Tyrolean town Trient. On February 2nd Joubert's troops forced the Austrians to leave Trient and relocate to village Salurn ca.
At that point Joubert froze his actions in expectation of further Napoleon's orders. On March 15th, he finally received the order, and on March 20th drove the Austrians out of Salurn, proceeding to capture Neumarkt on March 22nd, Bolzano - on March 23rd and Brixen on March 26th. These were the events of the spring campaign of 1797 that resulted in ultimate defeat of the Habsburg monarchy - in April of the same year the Austrian government sued for peace.Thus, the depicted here scene could have taken place sometime between late January and mid-March 1797. This painting (for comparison see our web) could have very likely been an original and one of the artist's earliest! Work of well-known Tyrolean artist Jacob Placidus Altmutter. Jacob Placidus (also Plazidus) Altmutter 1780 Innsbruck - 1819 Schwaz (he drowned in the river Inn) received his first art lessons from his father, church painter Franz Altmutter. In 1801/03 he studied under Francesco Casanova at Vienna Academy.
An illness forced him to return to Innsbruck, where he rejoined his father assisting the latter in wall painting projects for churches. In 1809, brought into disrepute through his involvement in Tyrol Rebellion, Altmutter had to flee from the advancing French first to Klagenfurt and then to Vienna. From 1796/97 he collaborated on various commissioned works of his father.
Concurrently, he drew and painted scenes from the Tyrolean folk life and the Napoleonic Wars. Works of this artist can be viewed in museums of Bolzano and Innsbruck, as well as in various castles of Tyrol. Provenance: Vienna "Dorotheum", 11th December 2013, Lot 60 (see our image).Condition: good; lined in the 19th century; in magnificent hand-made frame in Empire style. Creation Year: early 19th Century. Measurements: UNFRAMED: 40.3 cm x 54.3 cm / 15.9" x 21.4" inches FRAMED: 55.3 cm x 69.0 cm / 21.8" x 27.2" inches. Object Type: Framed oil painting. Creator Dates: 1780 Innsbruck-1819 Schwaz.
FRENCH AUSTRIAN TYROLEAN GREATY STORY ALPINE MOUNTAIN VILLAGE NAPOLEON DIRECTORY EMPIRE CONSULATE MILITARY UNIFORM SOLDIER GENERAL HORSE NIGHT WINTER BATTLE EVENING. This item is in the category "Art\Paintings".The seller is "boris_wilnitsky_fine_arts" and is located in this country: AT. This item can be shipped worldwide.